1. Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF), Govt of India
  2. Central Pollution Control Board
  3. Waste and Resource Management (WaRM) group of Centre for Environment Education (CEE)
  4. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, (MoHFW) Govt of India
  5. World Health Organisation (WHO)
  6. UNDP- GEF – Global Healthcare Waste Project –India
  7. Health Care Waste Management (HCWM) Cell, Dept of Community Medicine, M.S. Ramaiah Medical College (MSRMC)
  8. Toxics link
  9. Indian Society of Hospital Waste Management
  10. National Solid Waste Association of India (NSWAI)
  11. Indira Gandhi National Open University


  1. Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF), Govt of India

The Ministry of Environment & Forests (MoEF) is the nodal agency in the administrative structure of the Central Government for the planning, promotion, co-ordination and overseeing the implementation of India's environmental and forestry policies and programmes.The primary concerns of the Ministry are implementation of policies and programmes relating to conservation of the country's natural resources including its lakes and rivers, its biodiversity, forests and wildlife, ensuring the welfare of animals, and the prevention and abatement of pollution. While implementing these policies and programmes, the Ministry is guided by the principle of sustainable development and enhancement of human well-being. The Hazardous Substances Management Division (HSMD) of the MoEF is the nodal point within the Ministry for management of chemical emergencies and hazardous substances. The major functions of the HSMD include regulatory activities for framing necessary Rules relating to environmentally sound management of hazardous wastes/chemicals, plastics and municipal sold wastes under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 and promotional activities by providing necessary financial support to the concerned agencies for their implementation.

The activities of the division are carried out under three main thrust areas, viz., Chemical Safety; Hazardous Wastes Management and Solid Waste Management (including Biomedical Waste Management). Under the programme of Hazardous Waste Management, the Biomedical Waste (Management & Handling) Rules were notified in 1998 to regulate the management of wastes generated by Health Care Establishments (HCE) all over the country. Under these Rules, the wastes generated by HCEs are categorized into 10 categories and disposal methods for all the categories of wastes are also specified. The status of implementation of these rules is regularly monitored. Amendments to these rules are being finalized and are likely to be notified shortly.

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