1. Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF), Govt of India
  2. Central Pollution Control Board
  3. Waste and Resource Management (WaRM) group of Centre for Environment Education (CEE)
  4. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, (MoHFW) Govt of India
  5. World Health Organisation (WHO)
  6. UNDP- GEF – Global Healthcare Waste Project –India
  7. Health Care Waste Management (HCWM) Cell, Dept of Community Medicine, M.S. Ramaiah Medical College (MSRMC)
  8. Toxics link
  9. Indian Society of Hospital Waste Management
  10. National Solid Waste Association of India (NSWAI)
  11. Indira Gandhi National Open University



05. __World Health Organisation (WHO)

WHO works on aspects of water, sanitation and hygiene where the health burden is high, where interventions could make a major difference and where the present state of knowledge is poor.
In view of the challenge represented by healthcare waste and its management, WHO activities are oriented by the following guiding principles:

  • preventing the health risks associated with exposure to healthcare waste for both health workers and the public by promoting environmentally sound management policies for healthcare waste;
  • supporting global efforts to reduce the amount of noxious emissions released into the atmosphere to reduce disease and defer the onset of global change;
  • supporting the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs);
  • supporting the Basel Convention on hazardous and other waste;
  • Reducing the exposure to toxic pollutants associated with the combustion process through the promotion of appropriate practices for high temperature incineration.

WHO has brought out a policy paper on health care waste management  under which the organisation provides support to countries on health-care waste management. In India, support is extended to assess the pros and cons of development of non-burn technologies and to help develop a decision-making tool. WHO has also developedvarious publicationson the issue of BMWM. Further, WHO also intends to conduct training programmes and awareness campaigns on the issue not just to HCE staff but also to policy makers and general public at large.


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