Common Biomedical Waste Treatment Facility (CBWTF)

BMWM Rules 1998 state that every HCE has to set up requisite biomedical waste treatment facilities like incinerator, autoclave, microwave system for the treatment of waste, or should ensure requisite treatment of waste at a common waste treatment facility or any other waste treatment facility. In India, most of the larger hospitals, nursing homes and other healthcare facilities numbering 43,322 are concentrated around cities and towns while the rural areas are serviced through primary and community health centres numbering 163,181. Installation of individual treatment facilities by every healthcare unit requires comparatively high capital investment and thus is not a viable option. In addition, it requires separate human power and infrastructure for proper operation and maintenance of treatment systems. The concept of Common Biomedical Waste Treatment Facility (CBWTF) not only addresses such problems but also prevents proliferation of treatment facilities in a city, which themselves can be a source of hazard and infection if not maintained well. Furthermore, having CBWTFs reduce the monitoring pressure on regulatory agencies. By running the treatment equipment at CBWTF to its full capacity, the cost per kilogram for treatment of waste reduces significantly too. Its considerable advantages have made CBWTF popular and a proven concept in many developed countries.  To help in setting up new CBWTFs, monitoring and evaluation of existing ones, Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) has brought out Guidelines for BMW Treatment Facilities. Currently there are around 157 CBWTFs in operation in different parts of the country. 


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